Prof. Kshitish Acharya has recently published a book chapter titled ‘Precision molecular imaging can perhaps be enhanced for lung cancer management via integrated analysis of general parameters such as age, gender, genetics, and lifestyle’ in Detection Systems in Lung Cancer and Imaging, Volume 1 (Bristol: IOP Publishing). In this chapter, Prof. Kshitish discusses gender as a special case of a general parameter that has the potential to contribute to precision medicine in the area of molecular imaging.